A probe into the music streaming industry has been launched by the Competition and Markets Authority today.

Streaming has changed the way we listen to music. In the UK, more than 80% of recorded music is now listened to via a streaming service rather than using traditional physical media like CDs and vinyl.

Linking the creators making the music and the fans listening to it through a streaming service is a complex network of companies that help make, promote and distribute recorded music.

The CMA study will examine the music streaming market, from creator to consumer, paying particular attention to the roles played by record labels and music streaming services.

As part of its assessment of how well the market is working for audiences, the CMA will consider whether innovation is being stifled and if any firms hold excessive power. The CMA’s study will help build a deeper understanding of how firms in the market influence listeners’ choices and experiences.

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While focusing on potential harm to consumers, the CMA will also assess whether any lack of competition between music companies could affect musicians, singers and songwriters.

If the CMA finds problems, it will consider what action may be necessary.


“Whether you’re into Bowie, Beethoven or Beyoncé, most of us now choose to stream our favourite music,” said CMA chief executive Andrea Coscelli.

“A vibrant and competitive music streaming market not only serves the interests of fans and creators but helps support a diverse and dynamic sector, which is of significant cultural and economic value to the UK.

“As we examine this complex market, our thinking and conclusions will be guided by the evidence we receive.”