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What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin was the first and most well-known cryptocurrency. It facilitates peer-to-peer value exchange in the digital domain via a decentralized protocol, cryptography, and a means to establish global consensus on the status of a regularly updated public transaction record known as a ‘blockchain.’

In practice, Bitcoin is a type of digital money that (1) exists independently of any government, state, or financial institution, (2) can be transmitted internationally without the need for a centralized intermediary, and (3) has a known monetary policy that is arguably unchangeable. Bitcoin may be defined as a political, philosophical, and economic system on a deeper level. This is due to the combination of the technological elements it incorporates, the large number of participants and stakeholders, and the procedure for implementing protocol modifications.

What is Bitcoin used for?

Bitcoin, at its most basic, is helpful for exchanging value outside of the existing banking system. People use Bitcoin to make international payments that are settled faster, more securely, and with lower transaction fees than conventional settlement systems such as the SWIFT or ACH networks.

When network adoption was low in the early years, Bitcoin could be used to settle even small-value transactions, competing with payment networks such as Visa and Mastercard (which, in fact, settle transactions long after point of sale). However, as Bitcoin grew in popularity, scalability difficulties rendered it less competitive as a means of exchange for low-value products. In summary, it became extremely expensive to settle small-value transactions due to restricted ledger throughput and a lack of second-layer alternatives.

Bitcoin was a mystery

People usually panic out when something entirely new hits the market. We want to know all we can about the new arrival, and most of the time this is well warranted. With the introduction of Bitcoin, things didn’t change all that much. As you might expect, the bulk of the globe had no understanding what cryptocurrency, blockchain, or Bitcoin were when they first appeared on the market. While this was to be expected, Bitcoin’s fortunes did not fare well. While many individuals were interested in learning more about Bitcoin, there was virtually little information available.

Unfortunately, the lack of understanding regarding Bitcoin allowed individuals to come up with explanations that were completely incorrect. This misconception soon spread, portraying Bitcoin as having several negative implications. The good news is that Bitcoin has managed to repair its image. The internet is now chock-full of material on pretty much every element of Bitcoin you can think of, thanks to the community of crypto users working together to give factual information on what Bitcoin is and what it can accomplish.

Shopping was a hassle

To those unfamiliar with the crypto world, it may appear weird to read that a currency was having difficulty giving its members purchasing possibilities, but that is exactly what happened with Bitcoin in the beginning. As previously said, Bitcoin was a mystery, and not only to the majority of ordinary people. Shops and service providers were also unaware about what Bitcoin was, and the negative news around it didn’t help matters. As a result, most businesses were hesitant to accept Bitcoin as a payment option.

Of course, if you’ve been following Bitcoin lately, you’re aware that things have changed dramatically. Bitcoin is now accepted at many stores across the world, providing its users access to some of the best products on the market. Starbucks, Home Depot, the Microsoft Xbox Store, and even Etsy are among the big brands that now accept Bitcoin. Etsy, an online retail site, is presently a Bitcoin user favorite. Bitcoin aficionados appear to like a good retro flashback, and we can’t say we blame them!

Biggest hurdles

1: Liquidity

Liquidity is one of the most significant barriers for institutional businesses considering incorporating cryptocurrency in client portfolios since it affects market stability, optimal execution, and transaction speed. If their trading desk cannot quickly move in and out of an asset class, the firm is less likely to invest in it on behalf of their clients. According to Bradley Kellogg, COO of Flyer, a technology vendor that provides trading connection between buy side and sell side businesses as well as post-trade processing services, equities may be traded immediately on any of the twelve US-based stock exchanges with a very tight bid/ask spread.

2: Education

According to Adam Richard, Head of Distribution at investment bank Entoro Capital, the early users of Bitcoin and crypto technology were mainly self-taught. However, those same individuals must now take an active part in teaching the public about the benefits of embracing Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies and communicating with them. Even after a comprehensive explanation, many individuals, according to Richards, still don’t grasp it. While he acknowledged that crypto is not easy to comprehend, he also remarked that the US currency is not easy to understand, but people still use it every day.

3: Scalability

Despite its popularity, blockchain is still on a very modest scale when compared to regular electronic payments. At the moment, bitcoin’s blockchain processes 2,000 transactions every ten minutes, while Visa processes over 65,000 transaction messages per second and SWIFT – the global messaging system used by banks and financial institutions to transfer payments – processes approximately 24 million messages per day.

4: Accessibility

The accessibility barrier may be reduced to one aspect: changing fiat money (such as dollars, euros, and pesos) into cryptocurrencies. Coinbase is the most popular crypto wallet, with a straightforward procedure that allows users to buy one of eight cryptos (Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Litecoin, 0x, Zcash, USD Coin, and BAT) using a US bank account or a credit card. However, despite the fact that Coinbase operates in over 33 countries and has over 20 million clients worldwide, this represents only a small portion of the total number of consumers and investors who may possibly utilize bitcoin. Click here for more information